|Hemochromatosis and Arthritis||by
Hemochromatosis is a disorder of iron metabolism -
It is genetic and as a result
there is an accumulation of iron in the tissues - especially in glandular
tissue, pancreas and liver, and skin.
The condition is associated with the development of
1. osteoarthritis of the hips
and also interestingly the metacarpal joints of the hands - especially
the index and middle fingers.
This produces a crystal arthritis and will mimic a type of gout - with flares over days and subsidence over approx 3 wks per attack.
X-rays show calcium deposition
in cartilage - This is seen at the :
Untreated - osteoarthritis will develop and the joints will deteriorate.
Treatment of the arthritis is
with Nonsteroidal antiinflammatories and local cortisone injections into
the joints - especially the knees.
It is important to treat the underlying iron overload and to screen affected family members.
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